Ottawa, the capital city of Canada, is renowned for its political significance and vibrant cultural landscape. Situated in the eastern portion of the province of Ontario, it lies on the south bank of the Ottawa River, directly across from Gatineau, Quebec. As of the latest available data, Ottawa boasts a diverse and growing population of over one million residents, making it the fourth-largest city in Canada. This bilingual city, predominantly English-speaking but with a substantial French-speaking minority, is known for its picturesque setting, including the Rideau Canal and numerous historic sites. Ottawa's status as the nation's capital brings a unique blend of cultural activities, governmental functions, and international influence, making it a pivotal city in the Canadian context.